Seen and Heard International, 05/07/2021
|by Antoine Lévy-Leboyer
Wagner: Tristan und Isolde, Bayerische Staatsoper ab 29.6.2021
There is huge applause at Munich’s Tristan und Isolde for Jonas Kaufmann, Anja Harteros and Kirill Petrenko
There were many firsts and lasts in this production of Tristan and Isolde.
It was the first time Anja Harteros and Jonas Kaufmann were singing their
roles, but it was the last Wagner production conducted by Kirill Petrenko in
his capacity of music director and of Nikolaus Bachler as general manager of
the Bayerische Staatsoper.
Thanks to a positive evolution of the
pandemic with incidence rates in single digit numbers, for the first time
the audience was seated in a chessboard pattern. There were this time around
900 people in the audience. To gain admission, one had to either show a
recent negative test or a confirmation of full vaccination. There was some
extra checking at the entrance but all went smoothly and efficiently, thanks
to the flawless organisation we know from the Germans.
This was not
the first time that Krzysztof Warlikowski was working with Kirill Petrenko.
While being somewhat controversial, productions of Strauss’s Salome and Die
Frau ohne Schatten were well received. But Tristan and Isolde is a work
where there is far less action than any of these. It is more a philosophical
opera which makes unusual demands on the production. Warlikowski’s
production failed to achieve the same levels as he did in Strauss. Two
expressionless dancers – puppeteers kept appearing here and there – mostly
in the last act and added very little. There were some good ideas, in
particular an imaginative use of video, that mirrored either the music or
text, but their use was inconsistent.
But the music-making was simply
Over the course of her long career, Anja Harteros has
waited wisely before tackling such a difficult role. Her reading was superb,
both vocally and dramatically. She has ample technique and one always felt
that she had no need to be at full capacity. Students of singing should
witness what she does to project sound. She was particularly regal in Act I,
making us appreciate what a strong work this is. This was not a ship
marooned at sea, there was violence and passion in her reading.
Kaufmann’s reading was in line with what we know of the German tenor. There
was a sense that he had devoted a great deal of time and care to this
reading. Words and lines were delivered as meticulously as if he were
singing Lieder. Exercising caution, he did not overextend his voice in this
taxing role. His control of head and chest voice remains a marvel. He was at
his very best in the brooding passages where his darker tones were
particularly convincing. His solo after King Marke’s monologue was a
highlight. However, compared to Harteros, this was an intellectual Tristan
to a passionate Isolde.
As always in Munich, secondary characters
were well cast. Mika Kares has a giant size and giant voice. His reading
however was more that of a king than a father and he missed some of the
sorrow of this magical part. Probably because of the pandemic, which has
prevented singers from overperforming, Wolfgang Koch was in wonderful form
as Kurwenal. Okka van der Damerau was a radiant Brangäne and her Act II
calls were stellar moments, reminding us – if we needed it – how stunning a
masterpiece Wagner wrote.
The musicians played like lions for their
departing music director. Tempi had flexibility but were on the whole swift,
bringing both tension and intensity. The orchestra displayed darkness of
colour and depth of tone. Petrenko knew exactly when he had to hold the
orchestra back to accommodate the singers, and when to let them loose.
Tension never faltered. Every word could be heard. There is a saying that
singing in Bayreuth, where the pit is covered, helps the singers. The pit is
not covered here in Munich but the conductor clearly supported his singers.
This was Wagner at its best.
When the curtain came down, the
completely silent audience went wild. Harteros and Kaufmann, who will both
be featured in many productions next year, received huge applause, but it
was Petrenko, whose future performances here are numbered, who received a
well-deserved and lengthy standing ovation.